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Introduction
Clinical presentation
Clin. aproach to ivestig. and menag. of UTI
Cortical scintigraphy in urinary tract infection
Cystigraphy in urinary tract infection
Vesicourethral reflux (VUR)
The grading systems for vesicourethral eflux
Detection of vesicourethral reflux
Micturating cystourethrography (MCUG)
Radionucleotide cystography (RNC)
Direct radionuclide cystography (DRC)
Indirect radionuclide cystography (IRC)
Dynamic renal scintigraphy in UTI
Practical problems in pediatric nucl.med.
Preparation
Dose schedule
Injection
Imobilisation/ sedation
Conclusion

4.2. DETECTION OF VESICOURETERAL REFLUX

Three techniques are currently available for diagnosis of vesicorenal reflux: x-ray micturating cystourethrography (MCUG), the radionuclide direct cystography and the radionuclide indirect cystography (Table 3a and 3b).

 

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