6th International Congress of the WIAMH
Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, August 13 – 15, 1999.
ARABIC-ISLAMIC CONTRIBUTION TO MEDICINE
Assembly of the Islamic Community in Vienna, Austria
It is known that due to political and religious motives or prejudices of European Authors, the contribution of Muslims in various fields of science and their influence on the float of human civilisation, are not adequately represented in the scientific and expertise literature.
Contribution of Muslims to the medical science is largely known as an integral part within the frame of holistic influence of Arabic-Islamic civilisation on development and definition of the today’s, so-called Western Civilisation. With no pretension to discover new facts, the Author has given his overview on this problem in the paper. The goal of it is to briefly show and remind that the modern European medicine and pharmacology would not have been what they are without brave effort and unselfish commitment of numerous Arabic-Islamic scientists and physicians, theoreticians and actors of four generations. The paper gives brief overview of Arabic-Islamic physicians’ influence on development of medicine on our territory, based on the research by Dr Lavoslav Glazinger. Using the methodology of Dr Muhammed Kamil Husein, which underlines periodicity, it extracts four periods of development in the medical thought and practice, and pharmacology - the periods of own experience; rationalistic order of experiences; of analysing; and experimenting. The largest space is given to great physicians – Ar-Razi and Ibn Sina (Avicena) – their capital pieces of clinical practice and medical systematisation. The author relays to medical encyclopaedia, the work of Al-Razi "Al Havi" (lat. "Contiens"), as well as the work of Ibn Sina "Al Tibb Al Kanun", which is known in Europe as Kanon. At the end of the paper, literature for university medicine, clinical medicine, influence of Az-Zehravi on European surgery and the concept of the hospital are underlined. The latest one has not been overcome until now, and it is the same with the knowledge of medicines and drugs – which has been used as a fundament of pharmacology as such.
Key words:Arabic-Islamic – Contribution – Medicine – Al-Razi – Ibn Sina – Avicena – Bimaristan
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