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6 International Congress of the WIAMH

Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, August 13 –5,1999



1 Faculty for Special Education of the Tuzla University, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and
2 Herzegovina, Faculty for Education and Rehabilitation of the Zagreb University, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia


Stutter presents a serious disturbance for every individual in the inter-personal communication and it limits him or her in normal functioning. No matter the fact that aetiology of stutter is still unknown, the majority of authors agrees that existence and development of this speaking disturbance is influenced by various emotional, psychological and social factors. It is known that stutter is in co-relation with social movements. Having in mind war disasters, which the Bosnian children and adolescents have been through, this research wanted to evaluate the influence of war conditions on stutter and also what is the frequency of it within the evaluated population. 2143 children were examined in the pre-schools and the frequency was 1,31%. 11661 children were examined in the primary school and we found the frequency of 1,11 $. 2709 adolescents were examined in the secondary schools and we found the frequency of 0,70%. All in total, we examined 16513 children and adolescents and we found that the total frequency was 1,1%. Analysis of amnesiac data submitted by the parents, has given that the most frequent causes and conditions for stutter within the examined population were war trauma, inheritance, fear of something, physical trauma, family-based conflicts, separation of children from parents, jealousy on siblings, and unknown reasons. Strength of stutter has been tested with Riley test on all examined cases. Results of the research have shown a possibility that the war trauma has influenced the stutter, which addresses the need for further research of these children and adolescents through relevant tests for determination of trauma and appliance of suitable therapeutic procedures. Research has also contributed to timely discovery, registration and diagnosis for children with stutter problem and their timely involvement into rehabilitation treatments.

Key words: Stutter – Frequency – Causes – Circumstances of War


  1. Brestovci B (1986) Stutter. Zagreb: Fakultet za defektologiju
  2. Salihović N (1998) Stutter of Children and Adults. Master Thesis. Faculty of Medicine of the Tuzla University. (Mentor: Prof. PhD SCI Behlul Brestovci)
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